Vladimir Ilyich Lenin born 22 April 1870 was commonly known by the names V.I. Lenin or simply Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, Bolshevik communist politician, principal leader of the October Revolution and the first head of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
In 1998, he one of the most influential people of the 20th century.
His contributions to Marxist theory are commonly referred to as Leninism. He excelled at school and went on to study law. At university, he was exposed to radical thinking, and his views were also influenced by the execution of his elder brother, a member of a revolutionary group.
Expelled from university for his radical policies, Lenin completed his law degree as an external student in 1891. He moved to St Petersburg and became a professional revolutionary. Like many of his contemporaries, he was arrested and exiled to Siberia, where he married Nadezhda Krupskaya. After his Siberian exile, Lenin – the pseudonym he adopted in 1901 – spent most of the subsequent decade and a half in western Europe, where he emerged as a prominent figure in the international revolutionary movement and became the leader of the ‘Bolshevik’ faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker’s Party.
Lenin’s Mausoleum also known as Lenin’s Tomb and is situated in Red Square in Moscow, is the mausoleum that serves as the current resting place of Vladimir Lenin. His embalmed body has been on public display there since the year he died in 1924. Aleksey Shchusev’s diminutive but monumental granite structure incorporates some elements from ancient mausoleums, such as the Step Pyramid and the Tomb of Cyrus the Great.
The family of Lenin’s embalmers states that the corpse is real and requires daily work to moisturise the features and inject preservatives under the clothes. Lenin’s sarcophagus is kept at a temperature of 16° C and kept at a humidity of 80 – 90 percent. The chemical used was referred to by the caretakers as “balsam”, which was glycerine and potassium acetate. Every eighteen months the corpse is removed and undergoes a special chemical bath. The chemicals that were unknown until after the fall of the Soviet Union were kept secret by authorities.